Countries making COVID-19 vaccines mandatory

An increasing number of countries are also making injections compulsory for public servants and other workers.

Here are the vaccine mandates of some countries, classified according to the categories of people affected:


** AUSTRIA: everyone over 14 from February 2022; recalcitrant can be fined up to 3,600 euros every 3 months

** COSTA RICA: only children over 5 years old


** ECUADOR: compulsory except for people with a relevant medical problem or incompatibility

** GERMANY: plans to make it compulsory for all adults from February

** INDONESIA: all adults, with fines or denial of social assistance or government services for unvaccinated

** ITALY: over 50s until June 15

** MICRONESIA: all adults

** TAJIKISTAN: all over 18 years old

** TURKMENISTAN: everyone over 18 years old


** CZECH REPUBLIC: over 60 from March

** GREECE: over 60 from January 16; recurring monthly fine of 100 euros for those who do not comply

** MALAYSIA: Over 60 years of age and all adults who have received the Sinovac vaccine should receive a booster dose by February 2.

** RUSSIA: over 60 and chronically ill in Saint Petersburg


** CANADA: all federally regulated workplaces as of early 2022

** COSTA RICA: all officials

** CROATIA: all public sector employees, citizens who need services in public institutions

** CZECH REPUBLIC: police, military and some other professions from March

** DENMARK: Workplaces are allowed to require a digital “corona pass” for employees

** EGYPT: Weekly COVID-19 vaccination or testing required of public sector employees to work in government buildings

** FIDJI: civil servants, employees of private companies

** FRANCE: public officials or employees, including civil security pilots, flight personnel providing support for victims, soldiers permanently assigned to civil security missions, firefighters

** GHANA: target groups including all public sector and health workers from January 22

** HUNGARY: employees of state institutions

** ITALY: all workers, school personnel, police, military

** LATVIA: compulsory for legislators to vote and receive their full salary; companies allowed to fire unvaccinated workers

** LEBANON: all officials and workers in the education, tourism and public transport sectors from January 10

** NEW ZEALAND: workers in the border, prison, police and defense sectors, as well as in the education sector

** OMAN: public or private sector employees for entry into the labor market

** PANAMA: vaccination or weekly screening for all public officials

** POLAND: teachers, security personnel and services in uniform from March 1, 2022

** RUSSIA: workers in public roles in Moscow;

** SAUDI ARABIA: public and private sector workers wishing to attend a workplace; people entering public, private or educational establishments

** TUNISIA: officials, employees and visitors accessing public and private administrations

** TURKEY: some sectors, including teachers and domestic travel workers

** UKRAINE: public sector employees including teachers, municipal employees

** UNITED STATES: all federal workers, contractors (temporarily barred from applying nationwide), private sector workers in companies with 100 or more employees (reinstated December 18), workers in the public sector (challenged in New York court)


** AUSTRALIA: high-risk caregivers, employees of quarantine hotels

** GREAT BRITAIN: nursing home staff in England, health workers in England by April 1

** CROATIA: health and social workers

** CZECH REPUBLIC: employees of hospitals and nursing homes from March 2022

** FINLAND: plan to make vaccines compulsory for health and social workers

** FRANCE: nursing staff and EHPAD, home helpers and urgent care technicians

** GERMANY: workers in hospitals, medical practices and nursing homes by mid-March

** GREECE: EHPAD staff, nursing staff

** HUNGARY: health workers

** ITALY: health workers

** LEBANON: health sectors from January 10, 2022

** NEW ZEALAND: workers in the health and disability sector

** POLAND: health workers from March 1, 2022

** UKRAINE: state and municipal health workers


** Western Australia: employees in the mineral and oil and gas exploration industries

** CHINA: Booster injection required in Beijing for key workers on construction sites including cooks, security guards and cleaning staff

** PHILIPPINES: office workers and employees of public transport services

** KAZAKHSTAN: compulsory vaccinations or weekly tests for people working in groups of more than 20


** AUSTRIA: public places including restaurants, hotels, theaters and ski lifts

** BOLIVIA: vaccination record or negative test mandatory to enter public and private places, including airports, bus stations, banks, shopping centers, restaurants and supermarkets (

** GREAT BRITAIN: vaccination or negative test for all over 18 in nightclubs and other places in Scotland; in nightclubs, some indoor and outdoor venues without seating and all venues with more than 10,000 people in England

** BULGARIA: “health pass” for visitors to public places such as cafes, hotels, concert halls, museums and swimming pools

** CZECH REPUBLIC: Vaccination certificates or test status required in restaurants and clubs

** DENMARK: compulsory health card to access indoor bars, restaurants and other public places

** EGYPT: compulsory vaccination for students of public universities to access campuses

** FRANCE: compulsory vaccination card for all over 16s to enter cinemas, bars and restaurants, and use long-distance public transport, from January 15

** GERMANY: compulsory vaccination for all businesses except the most essential such as grocery stores, pharmacies and bakeries

** HONG KONG: compulsory vaccination to access restaurants, gymnasiums, cinemas and libraries from February 24

** ITALY: compulsory vaccination for seats inside bars, restaurants, visits to museums, cinemas, clubs, participation in sporting events; Basic green health card compulsory for all public transport

** KENYA: compulsory vaccination for access to banks, restaurants and public spaces;;

** LEBANON: vaccination certificate or antibody tests required for entry to restaurants, cafes, pubs and beaches

** LITHUANIA: compulsory vaccination certificate for access to indoor and outdoor gatherings of more than 500 people, economic activities, contact services including beauty services and sports halls for all over 12 years old (https: // koronastop / en / covid -19-related-restrictions-1)

** MOROCCO: vaccine compulsory to access all government buildings, spaces such as cafes, restaurants, cinemas, gymnasiums, transport

** NETHERLANDS: compulsory health pass to access bars, restaurants, clubs or cultural events

** ROMANIA: health pass, negative COVID-19 test or proof of recovery required to access most public places, including the majority of non-essential places

** SERBIA: compulsory health pass to visit covered cafes, hotels and restaurants after 10 p.m.

** SINGAPORE: compulsory vaccination to enter shopping centers; considering requiring a booster to be fully immunized

** SWITZERLAND: proof of vaccination, convalescence or a negative test required to access bars, restaurants and fitness centers

** SOUTH KOREA: vaccine pass compulsory to access the 14 designated public spaces, including reception and entertainment venues; requirement extended to over 12s from February

** SWEDEN: vaccination passes compulsory for indoor events of more than 100 people; be extended to smaller gatherings, such as in restaurants.

** UKRAINE: restrictions for the unvaccinated on access to restaurants, sports and other public events

(Compiled by Oben Mumcuoglu, Dagmarah Mackos and Elena Vardon; edited by Kevin Liffey)

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